The throne of Ivan the Terrible
Western Europe, 16th century.
Carved ivory, carved and gilded wood, metal.
The Armory Chamber's collection of thrones is unique in all the world. The most ancient of them was made in Western Europe in the 16th century. It is wooden with a high, straight back and a pedestal. The surface is covered with plates of ivory bearing relief carvings on mythological, historical, and quotidian subjects.
Some legends connect the appearance of the throne in Moscow with the marriage of Ivan III to Byzantine princess Sophia Palaeologus. However, historical data go back only to the 16th century, when the throne belonged to Ivan the Terrible (Ivan IV).